This portrait appeared in the 1894 Congressional report, Indians Taxed and Indians Not Taxed in the United States, at the Eleventh Census, 1890: ff page 400.
At the date of this photo, the Mescalero had been accomplished horsemen for over 300 years. Horse Thief—a name of distinguished accomplishment—cradles a carbine in his left arm and wears a cartridge belt over his heavily-fringed leather jacket. His breech cloth of white muslin is worn with leggings of red wool cloth decorated with strips of seed beadwork. [Note by Mike Cowdrey]